International Adoption Statistics for 2010
By Katherine at Legal Language
Posted on 02/14/2011
Intercountry adoption statistics from the US State Department show that more than 11,000 children became part of US families in 2010.
But how do these adoption statistics compare to recent years?
Most Popular Countries for International Adoption in 2010
The five countries that sent the most children home with US families in 2010 include:
- The People’s Republic of China: 3,401 adoptions
- Ethiopia: 2,513 adoptions
- Russia: 1,082 adoptions
- South Korea: 863 adoptions
- Ukraine: 445 adoptions
Out of these five countries, only China is party to the Hague Adoption Convention governing the international adoption process.
Intercountry Adoption in 2010
US Citizenship and Immigration Services issued a total of 11,059 immigrant visas to children in the 2010 fiscal year. These children immigrated to the United States from more than 100 different countries and found new homes in all 50 states.
While this sounds like a large number, these adoption statistics show that international adoption is in decline — in fact, this number is a 15-year low. The number of intercountry adoptions dropped by 13 percent from 2009, when 12,753 US families brought children from around the world into their homes.
Why Are International Adoptions in Decline?
The decrease in international adoptions can attributed in large part to the clamp down on Guatemalan adoptions. Due to political tension in the South American country, the US State Department has put a notice on adopting children from Guatemala, making it all but impossible to complete the adoption process.
While it seems strange that just one county can have such an effect on international adoption statistics, keep in mind that just two years ago, Guatemala was the most popular country for international adoption. US families brought 4,122 children from Guatemala to America in 2008.
Russia also saw a decrease, most likely due to some negative press and a temporary hold on US adoptions when a 7-year-old Russian boy’s American adoptive family put him on a trans-Atlantic flight back to Moscow by himself.
Adoption Statistics Over the Last Decade
From 2000 to 2008, the average number of international adoptions by US families was much closer to 20,000 a year.
||Number of Adoptions to the US|
At this current rate of decline, 2011 international adoption statistics will show a number closer to 10,000 than 20,000.
There are thousands of children around the world who could become a part of US families. Hopefully international adoption statistics for the next few years will reflect a generous increase in numbers.