The Boliviarian Republic of Venezuela ratified the Convention of 15 November 1065 on the Service Abroad of Judicial and Extrajudicial Document in Civil or Commercial Matters, also called The Hague Service Convention, on October 29, 1993 and its provisions entered into effect on July 1, 1994.
US attorneys seeking service in Venezuela would be wise to familiarize themselves with the mandatory character of the Convention as set forth in Volkswagenwerk, A.G, v. Schlunk, 486 U.S. 694 (1988).
Canadian attorneys should consult provincial precedent. Canadian courts take a more nuanced view of the Convention, but effectively reach the same conclusion: its limitations must be observed.
Regardless of forum requirements, the service rules of the receiving country must be observed, or enforcement of a judgment may become impossible.