By: Katherine On: December 8, 2016 In: Uncategorized Comments: 29
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Green card holders are permitted to travel internationally, but United States Citizenship and Immigration Services keeps an eye on how long permanent residents are out of the country — and these regulations have become stricter.

Green card holders cannot travel outside of the US for more than one year without a reentry permit.

What are the penalties for spending too much time outside of the US, and how can green card holders travel with more security?

Green Card Holder Travel Documents

Green card holders generally need a passport from their country of citizenship or a refugee travel document in order to travel to another country. If the country you are traveling to speaks a language which is not on your passport, getting a passport translation may be a good idea.

Foreign counties may also have additional requirements, such as a visa.

Green Card Holders: Establishing Continuous Physical Presence

Green card holders are required to “establish continuous physical presence” in order to maintain legal status.

Continuous physical presence is established by showing that there was no intent to abandon the green card and that the lawful permanent resident has maintained his or her ties in the US.

Green card holders can prove US ties through documents showing that they own a home or rent an apartment, or through financial and legal documents such as bank account statements and tax returns. However, it becomes far more difficult to prove US ties when the green card holder has been traveling abroad for more than one year.

Voluntary Departure & Starting Over

When a green card holder’s absence exceeds one year, he or she may be placed in removal proceedings. Once in removal proceedings, most people will have the option of requesting voluntary departure.

Voluntary departure allows the green card holder to give up his or her green card and any current applications that USCIS may be processing. Then the green card holder is free to go back to his or her home country.

If the request for voluntary departure is granted, then the process for a green card starts anew. For many, this is the best option, as there are no restrictions as to how soon one can reapply for a new green card after they voluntarily depart.

However, if voluntary departure is selected, the green card holder forfeits the right to present a defense to removal, such as asylum, withholding of removal, cancellation of removal, a petition through a family member or any other motions.

It is also very important when voluntary departure is granted that the green card holder leaves the United States on the specified date, otherwise a ban on reentering the United States may take effect. It could be up to 10 years before he or she can return.

Green Card Holder Travel Precautions

Green card holders can take precautions if they plan to travel outside of the United States for an extended period of time.

The primary and most effective way to be outside the United States for more than one year is obtaining a reentry permit.

A reentry permit can be issued by filling out Form I-131, Application for Travel Document. When granted, this document allows green card holders to be out of the country for up to two years without disrupting their continuous physical presence requirement.

Be aware that a reentry permit is different from an advance parole document (also applied for by filling out Form I-131), which merely lets you travel for a short period of time while your green card is pending.

Green Card Holder Travel May Affect Naturalization

Green card holders who wish to travel and one day apply for citizenship need to take an extra step.

According to USCIS, “absences from the United States of six months or more may disrupt the continuous residency required for naturalization.”

If you are traveling but would like to upkeep your permanent residency for naturalization purposes, you should file Form N-470, an Application to Preserve Residence for Naturalization Purposes.

Many green card holders who exceed a one-year travel period without proper documentation are being placed in removal proceedings for failure to maintain continuous physical presence inside the United States.

The possibility of losing a green card due to travel is real. Green card holders who plan to travel must take preventative steps to ensure they’re aware of what steps to take to prevent problems upon their return to the US.

Note: This page is for general informational purposes only. LLS cannot give personal advice to any individual regarding immigration status. Please contact USCIS with any questions.

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    • Allen Noble
    • June 04, 2017
    • Reply

    I am a Canadian citizen with a permanent green card living in the United States. What do I need in the way of documentation to travel to Canada for a funeral?

      • Kim Corona
      • July 19, 2017
      • Reply

      did you find out whether you need to get a re-entry permit or not?

      • Laurie
      • December 31, 2018
      • Reply

      I have the same situation. What info did you recieve?
      I only have US ID and my green card. I’ve been in the US for over 35 years and do not have a passport from Canada.

  • I am a green card holder, not a us citizen yet. Can i get married in the Philippines?

    • Jeverlyn
    • July 20, 2017
    • Reply

    I apply for removal contion for my green card, and it takes long time to be process to have a 10 years green card I’m planning to visit my kids in the philippines can I go to visit them with my expires green card will I’m still in the process?

    • Alfred hallaby
    • September 06, 2017
    • Reply

    I am a australia citizen And have an amarican green card / permanent resident ,
    Want to go to Germeny for a 7 days holiday this month ( September 2017 )
    Do I need a visa.

    • Agatha
    • October 14, 2017
    • Reply

    Can I visit internationally for a month after being a green card holder for a year.. Will it affect my citizenship?

    • genova88
    • October 20, 2017
    • Reply

    Im a Green Card Holder I travel outside US 2 to 3 times but I only stayed for a week or two will this affect my qualification for citizenship?

      • Neil in Michigan
      • February 02, 2018
      • Reply

      Let me know what answers you have found. My wife will be coming to th U.S. soon. How soon did you travel after you got your Green Card?

      • Tariq Shah
      • November 09, 2018
      • Reply

      I traveled to my original country for 2 weeks and it did not affect my citizenship interview. So i think an occasional visit within a few weeks should be ok.

    • Elma B. roque
    • November 03, 2017
    • Reply

    I am a green card holder of United State of America..I stay in the Phillipines for more than 1 year…How can go back to US…Pls help

    • November 14, 2017
    • Reply

    Aurora F. Pascual Nov. 14,2017
    I am a green card holder of United State of America . I stay in the Philippines for 5 years. How can I go back to United States. Please help.

    • Gerardo
    • January 13, 2018
    • Reply

    I am green card holder and im planning to go home and get married in the philippines, will i have a problem going back to US??

      • Neil in Michigan
      • February 02, 2018
      • Reply

      Please let me know what you learn from any informative reply. My wife is coming to the U.S. soon and she wants to know how soon she can travel after getting her Green Card.

      • Glen
      • April 11, 2018
      • Reply

      I am also a green card holder of U.S. and planning to go to the philippines in June for 3 weeks to get married but my passport is expiring August 2018. Consular office in SF have conflicting answers via fb messenger. I consulted eva air travel docs and they said I’m good since my passport is not expired and I have greencard to fly back. This 6 months validity for passport does not apply right?

    • Saira
    • June 04, 2018
    • Reply

    My name is Saira I came to USA on B2 visa in November 2002 from Islamabad Pakistan.
    I Got married here in Feb 2003
    My husband came to USA in 1994 seek asylum
    The case went on until 2008 when the judge finally grant him asylum status
    In the meantime his father came on immigration on his older brother’s behalf
    Before his asylum granted on 2008 the same judge rejected him twice by finally granted him .
    On his case I got asylum derivatives status on first and in may 2018 finally I got my green card.
    In 2015 after sending 3 injury letters that why isn’t his green card application , that was submitted in 2009 is being answered INS rejected his green card allowing him to work and stay.
    The lawyer said we can appeal in high court by due to fight the decision ,but couldn’t do it yet for financial reasons . Now my question is that on asylee derivative status can I visit my home country Pakistan ,that I personally don’t have a up threats I met my husband here but he is from same city I am from but we did not know each other before marraige , please confrim can i visit my home country Pakistan before my citizen ship, as i didnt visited Pakistan since i came here and i have family sisters and parents in Pakistan. My father n mother visited me in this time period. I have 3 kids who born in US- NY

      • Tariq Shah
      • November 09, 2018
      • Reply

      You need to speak with a immigration lawyer as your case seems a little more complicated than a straight forward naturalization case.

    • Perla O.Balagot
    • June 25, 2018
    • Reply

    I’m a green card holder for 11 years I would like to visit my mother this Dec.& come back jan.3,2019.Is there no problem to come back because some people told me that if I’m green card holder I can’t come back to NY already is that true.How can I get my answer pls let me know if this is true thank you. I don’t have any crime records.

      • Tariq Shah
      • November 09, 2018
      • Reply

      Check with a immigration lawyer, but green card holders can travel without a problem for short trips usually but I am not a lawyer, just speaking from my personal experience.

    • Annejhie
    • October 15, 2018
    • Reply

    My bro’s family is coming to the US next year. Two of her daughters is still in high school. My question is…
    is it okay if the two girls stay in the US for 1 month only then come back to the US after they graduate HighSchool which is less than 6months for the eldest & 2 yrs for the younger daughter.

    • Jalali
    • October 27, 2018
    • Reply

    I am illegible to apply for citizenship immediately after a trip less than 6 month can I apply for citizenship?

    • Cynthia
    • November 15, 2018
    • Reply

    Please I have been a green card holder for 9 years and next year it would expire in December. I want to travel for 2-3 weeks to go visit my sick father but am afraid if I will be allowed to come back to the United States again. Please can someone tell me if I can be allowed to enter into the US when I go. Or should I stay back without traveling. Please this is an emergency for me.

    • jairo Gonzalez Alvarado
    • March 11, 2019
    • Reply

    evry green car holder that want to travel can do it but no more than 6 month if u need more than 6 months out of the country u may lose your green card

      • Fritz
      • November 16, 2019
      • Reply

      Hi I’m just wondering if you have The answer for your question because I’m about to do the same please reply if you have a answer

    • Marina BASSILY
    • June 11, 2019
    • Reply

    A valid lawful permanent resident (LPR) card, also known as an I-551 card or green card, is required for boarding a flight to the United States and for re-admission at a CBP port of entry. A passport is not generally required for re-entry to the United States, unless the LPR has a valid I-551 passport stamp in lieu of the LPR card.

    LPRs can generally re-enter the United States without an issue if the international travel was less than 365 days in a row. However, there are exceptions that will likely cause a referral to secondary inspection:

    • Staying outside of the United States for 180 days consecutively
    • Established record of regularly staying outside of the United States for 180 consecutive days or more
    • Staying outside of the United States for 365 consecutive days or more without prior approval

    Traveling out of the United States for more than one year, but less than two years continuously, requires application for a re-entry permit (I-327) through U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) before your departure from the United States. Re-entry permit information is available at the following USCIS link: https://www.uscis.gov/sites/default/files/USCIS/Resources/B5en.pdf. See https://www.uscis.gov/i-131 to apply for a re-entry permit using the USCIS Form 1-131 Application for Travel Document.

    Travel out of the United States for more than two years continuously requires a returning resident visa. You can apply for a returning resident visa at a United States embassy or consulate before making plans to return to the United States. See https://www.usembassy.gov/ for United States embassy contact information.

    • ALI
    • July 14, 2019
    • Reply


    • Farshid Esmali
    • August 23, 2019
    • Reply

    Hi, I have Iranian passport and USA permanent Green card, planning to travel to the UK with UK Visa for vacation for 15 days, is there any restriction coming back to USA?

    • Sam
    • September 23, 2019
    • Reply

    Hello Guys.

    My Parents has Green card but after staying for 3months in USA they went back to home country (India) as my mom was not feeling well n underwent treatment in India. Its been 3.5yrs they are there in India n now want to come back to USA.

    My questions :
    What will happen if they try to enter in USA after 3.5yrs ? We dint apply for Re-Entry permit that time.
    Will they allow to board the flight at Home country (Indian) airport and at any layover airport??
    Will they give entry at US border ? (We dont hv Re-entry permit or anything but we have documents to show that my mom was sick and was under treatment in USA as well as in India )

    Could anyone suggest/ give inputs on this if someone has gone thru this kind of situation?


    • Dan Haines
    • December 29, 2019
    • Reply

    Since getting her green card a few years ago, my mother in law has established a pattern of staying overseas for over 180 days (but less than 365 days) at a time. She is about to return to the U.S. after staying overseas 11.5 months. Should she visit the local U.S. embassy in the foreign country before coming back? Is there anything she could do now to help not jeopardize her green card? Or is it possible at this point, to request a re-entry permit at her local embassy?

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